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Flutter SizedBox Tutorial with Examples

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1- SizedBox

Unlike Container, SizedBox is a transparent box, which you cannot set the style for it (for example, background color, margin, padding, etc.). If you specify a particular size for the SizedBox, that size will also apply to its child widget. Otherwise, if the width of SizedBox is not specified or null then its child widget will have width by its own setting or equal to 0 (if not set). With height also has similar behavior.
All parameters such as width, height, size and child involved in creating a SizedBox are optional.
SizedBox constructors:
SizedBox constructor

const SizedBox(
    {Key key,
    double width,
    double height,
    Widget child}
)
SizedBox.fromSize constructor

SizedBox.fromSize(
    {Key key,
    Widget child,
    Size size}
)
SizedBox.expand constructor

const SizedBox.expand(
    {Key key,
    Widget child}
)
SizedBox.shrink constructor

const SizedBox.shrink(
    {Key key,
    Widget child}
)
If you specify a specific size to the SizedBox by the parameters of width, height, or size, this size will also apply to its child widget.
For example: Put an ElevatedButton in a 250x100 SizedBox. This size will also apply to the ElevatedButton:
(ex1)

SizedBox(
    width: 250,
    height: 100,
    child: ElevatedButton(
      child: Text("Button "),
      onPressed: (){},
    )
)
You can also create the SizedBox object through the SizedBox.fromSize constructor:

SizedBox.fromSize (
    size: Size(250, 100),
    child: ElevatedButton(
      child: Text("Button"),
      onPressed: (){},
    )
)
Example: An ElevatedButton is set to minimum size 200x200, but when placed in a SizedBox of a specified size (eg 250x50) it will obey the size of the SizedBox.
(ex3)

SizedBox (
    width:250,
    height: 50,
    child: ElevatedButton(
      child: Text("Button "),
      onPressed: (){},
      style: ElevatedButton.styleFrom(
          shadowColor : Colors.redAccent,
          elevation: 10,
          minimumSize: Size(200,  200 )
      )
    )
)
Another example: If the height of the SizedBox is not specified (or null), the height of the child widget will be determined by its own settings, or it is equal to 0 (if there is no its own settings).
(ex4)

SizedBox (
    width:250,
    child: ElevatedButton(
      child: Text("Button "),
      onPressed: (){},
      style: ElevatedButton.styleFrom(
          shadowColor : Colors.redAccent,
          elevation: 10,
          minimumSize: Size(200,  200 )
      )
    )
)
For example: setting double.infinity to the width of SizedBox, its width will be as large as possible in parent widget's permission.
(ex5)

SizedBox (
    width: double.infinity,
    height: 50,
    child: ElevatedButton(
        child: Text("Button "),
        onPressed: (){}
    )
)

2- SizedBox.fromSize

The SizedBox.fromSize constructor is used to create a SIzedBox with the specified size through an optional parameter, size.
SizedBox.fromSize Constructor

SizedBox.fromSize(
    {Key key,
    Widget child,
    Size size}
)
For example:

SizedBox.fromSize (
    size: Size(250, 100),
    child: ElevatedButton(
      child: Text("Button "),
      onPressed: (){},
    )
)

3- SizedBox.expand

SizedBox.expand constructor is used to create a SizedBox with the width and height of double.infinity. This means the size of the SizedBox will be as large as possible by the permission of the parent widget.
SizedBox.expand constructor

const SizedBox.expand(
    {Key key,
    Widget child}
)

4- SizedBox.shrink

SizedBox.shrink constructor is used to create a SizedBox with the smallest size as suggested from its parent widget.
SizedBox.shrink Constructor

const SizedBox.shrink(
    {Key key,
    Widget child}
)
In this example, we have a SizedBox created by the SizedBox.shrink constructor, and its parent widget, a ConstrainedBox, is set to the minimum size of 80x20. The SizedBox will shrink its size to best fit the minimum size of the parent widget.
(ex6)

ConstrainedBox(
    constraints: new BoxConstraints( // Min: 80x20
        minWidth: 80.0,
        minHeight: 20.0
    ),
    child: SizedBox.shrink(
      child: ElevatedButton(
        child: Text('Button'),
        onPressed: () {},
      ),
    )
)
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