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Java SWT Radio Button Tutorial with Examples

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1- SWT Radio Button

In SWT, the radio is an object of Button with SWT.RADIO style.
The same as a toggle button, radio button has the two states selected and deselected. When radio buttons are combined into a Group or Composite, at a time only one button is selected. Unlike toggle button, users can only deselect a radio button by selecting a different radio button in the same Group (or Composite).
 

// Create a radio button
Button radio = new Button(parent, SWT.RADIO);
ToggleButton:
RadioButton:

// Create a group to contain 2 radio (Male & Female)
Group genderGroup = new Group(shell, SWT.NONE);
genderGroup.setLayout(new RowLayout(SWT.HORIZONTAL));

Button buttonMale = new Button(genderGroup, SWT.RADIO);
buttonMale.setText("Male");

Button buttonFemale = new Button(genderGroup, SWT.RADIO);
buttonFemale.setText("Female");
You can also set the icon for radio button by using setImage method.

InputStream input
        = RadioButtonDemo.class.getResourceAsStream("/org/o7planning/swt/icon/male-16.png");
Image image = new Image(null, input);

radioButton.setImage(image);      

2- RadioButton Example

Radio buttons are put in the same Group or Composite, only one button is selected at a time. When you select a different radio button in the same Group (or Composite), the current radio will be deselected. So you should put radios with the same theme in the same Group (or Compsite).
RadioButtonDemo.java

package org.o7planning.swt.radiobutton;

import org.eclipse.swt.SWT;
import org.eclipse.swt.layout.RowLayout;
import org.eclipse.swt.widgets.Button;
import org.eclipse.swt.widgets.Display;
import org.eclipse.swt.widgets.Group;
import org.eclipse.swt.widgets.Label;
import org.eclipse.swt.widgets.Shell;

public class RadioButtonDemo {
    public static void main(String[] args) {
        Display display = new Display();
        Shell shell = new Shell(display);
        shell.setText("SWT Radio Button (o7planning.org)");

        RowLayout rowLayout = new RowLayout();
        rowLayout.marginLeft = 10;
        rowLayout.marginTop = 10;
        rowLayout.spacing = 15;
        shell.setLayout(rowLayout);
        // Create a group to contain 2 radio (Male & Female)
        // Tạo một nhóm để chứa 2 radio (Male & Female).
        Group genderGroup = new Group(shell, SWT.NONE);
        genderGroup.setLayout(new RowLayout(SWT.HORIZONTAL));
        Label label = new Label(genderGroup, SWT.NONE);
        label.setText("Your gender: ");
        Button buttonMale = new Button(genderGroup, SWT.RADIO);
        buttonMale.setText("Male");
        Button buttonFemale = new Button(genderGroup, SWT.RADIO);
        buttonFemale.setText("Female");
        // Group
        Group titleGroup = new Group(shell, SWT.NONE);
        titleGroup.setLayout(new RowLayout(SWT.VERTICAL));
        titleGroup.setText("Select title");
        Button buttonMr = new Button(titleGroup, SWT.RADIO);
        buttonMr.setText("Mr");
        Button buttonMrs = new Button(titleGroup, SWT.RADIO);
        buttonMrs.setText("Mrs");
        Button buttonMs = new Button(titleGroup, SWT.RADIO);
        buttonMs.setText("Ms");

        shell.setSize(400, 250);
        shell.open();
        while (!shell.isDisposed()) {
            if (!display.readAndDispatch())
                display.sleep();
        }
        display.dispose();
    }
}

3- Processing Events for RadioButton

The example below handles the event when the user selects the radio button.
RadioButtonEventDemo.java

package org.o7planning.swt.radiobutton;

import org.eclipse.swt.SWT;
import org.eclipse.swt.events.SelectionAdapter;
import org.eclipse.swt.events.SelectionEvent;
import org.eclipse.swt.layout.RowLayout;
import org.eclipse.swt.widgets.Button;
import org.eclipse.swt.widgets.Composite;
import org.eclipse.swt.widgets.Display;
import org.eclipse.swt.widgets.Label;
import org.eclipse.swt.widgets.Shell;

public class RadioButtonCancelChangeDemo {
    public static void main(String[] args) {
        Display display = new Display();
        Shell shell = new Shell(display);
        shell.setText("SWT Radio Button (o7planning.org)");

        RowLayout rowLayout = new RowLayout(SWT.VERTICAL);
        rowLayout.marginLeft = 10;
        rowLayout.marginTop = 10;
        rowLayout.spacing = 15;
        shell.setLayout(rowLayout);
        // Group
        Composite  genderGroup = new Composite (shell, SWT.NONE);
        genderGroup.setLayout(new RowLayout(SWT.HORIZONTAL));
        Label label = new Label(genderGroup, SWT.NONE);
        label.setText("Select Titles: ");

        // Radio - mrs
        Button buttonMale = new Button(genderGroup, SWT.RADIO);
        buttonMale.setText("Male");
        // Radio - mss
        Button buttonFemale = new Button(genderGroup, SWT.RADIO);
        buttonFemale.setText("Female");
        Label labelAnswer = new Label(shell, SWT.NONE);
        labelAnswer.setForeground(display.getSystemColor(SWT.COLOR_BLUE));
        buttonMale.addSelectionListener(new SelectionAdapter()  {
            @Override
            public void widgetSelected(SelectionEvent e) {
                Button source=  (Button) e.getSource();
                if(source.getSelection())  {
                    labelAnswer.setText("You are "+ source.getText());
                    labelAnswer.pack();
                }
            }
        });
        buttonFemale.addSelectionListener(new SelectionAdapter()  {
            @Override
            public void widgetSelected(SelectionEvent e) {
                Button source=  (Button) e.getSource();
                if(source.getSelection())  {
                    labelAnswer.setText("You are "+ source.getText());
                    labelAnswer.pack();
                }
            }
        });
        shell.setSize(400, 250);
        shell.open();
        while (!shell.isDisposed()) {
            if (!display.readAndDispatch())
                display.sleep();
        }
        display.dispose();
    }
}

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