Le Tutoriel de Spring MVC et FreeMarker

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1- Qu'est-ce que FreeMarker?

FreeMarker est une technologie de la couche  View. Il affiche les données. FreeMarker peut être utilisé pour afficher les données au lieu d'utiliser Jsp. FreeMarker est essentiellement un document de texte.

FreeMarker engine

Le moteur FreeMarker intégrera les données de la couche Model avec des modèles FreeMarker afin de former des données HTML.

Prévisualisez un exemple :
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2- Créer Maven Web App Project

Créez un Maven Webapp App Project vide sur Eclipse avec le nom "SpringMVCFreeMarker".

3- Configurer web.xml & pom.xml

Utilisez WebApp >= 3.
web.xml
<?xml version="1.0" encoding="UTF-8"?>
<web-app xmlns:xsi="http://www.w3.org/2001/XMLSchema-instance"
    xmlns="http://java.sun.com/xml/ns/javaee"
    xsi:schemaLocation="http://java.sun.com/xml/ns/javaee
    http://java.sun.com/xml/ns/javaee/web-app_3_0.xsd"
    id="WebApp_ID" version="3.0">
   
    <display-name>SpringMVCFreeMarker</display-name>
   
</web-app>
Déclarez les bibliothèques utilisées.

pom.xml
<project xmlns="http://maven.apache.org/POM/4.0.0"
  xmlns:xsi="http://www.w3.org/2001/XMLSchema-instance"
  xsi:schemaLocation="http://maven.apache.org/POM/4.0.0
                      http://maven.apache.org/maven-v4_0_0.xsd">
                     
  <modelVersion>4.0.0</modelVersion>
  <groupId>org.o7planning</groupId>
  <artifactId>SpringMVCFreeMarker</artifactId>
  <packaging>war</packaging>
  <version>0.0.1-SNAPSHOT</version>
 
  <name>SpringMVCFreeMarker Maven Webapp</name>
  <url>http://maven.apache.org</url>
  <dependencies>
 
 
    <dependency>
      <groupId>junit</groupId>
      <artifactId>junit</artifactId>
      <version>3.8.1</version>
      <scope>test</scope>
     
    </dependency>
   
        <!-- Servlet Library -->
        <!-- http://mvnrepository.com/artifact/javax.servlet/javax.servlet-api -->
        <dependency>
            <groupId>javax.servlet</groupId>
            <artifactId>javax.servlet-api</artifactId>
            <version>3.1.0</version>
            <scope>provided</scope>
        </dependency>
   
   
        <!-- Spring dependencies -->
        <!-- http://mvnrepository.com/artifact/org.springframework/spring-core -->
        <dependency>
            <groupId>org.springframework</groupId>
            <artifactId>spring-core</artifactId>
            <version>4.3.3.RELEASE</version>
        </dependency>

        <!-- http://mvnrepository.com/artifact/org.springframework/spring-web -->
        <dependency>
            <groupId>org.springframework</groupId>
            <artifactId>spring-web</artifactId>
            <version>4.3.3.RELEASE</version>
        </dependency>

        <!-- http://mvnrepository.com/artifact/org.springframework/spring-webmvc -->
        <dependency>
            <groupId>org.springframework</groupId>
            <artifactId>spring-webmvc</artifactId>
            <version>4.3.3.RELEASE</version>
        </dependency>

        <!-- https://mvnrepository.com/artifact/org.springframework/spring-context-support -->
        <dependency>
            <groupId>org.springframework</groupId>
            <artifactId>spring-context-support</artifactId>
            <version>4.3.3.RELEASE</version>
        </dependency>


        <!-- https://mvnrepository.com/artifact/org.freemarker/freemarker -->
        <dependency>
            <groupId>org.freemarker</groupId>
            <artifactId>freemarker</artifactId>
            <version>2.3.23</version>
        </dependency>


    </dependencies>
   

    <build>
        <finalName>SpringMVCFreeMarker</finalName>
        <plugins>
       
            <!-- Config: Maven Tomcat Plugin -->
            <!-- http://mvnrepository.com/artifact/org.apache.tomcat.maven/tomcat7-maven-plugin -->
            <plugin>
                <groupId>org.apache.tomcat.maven</groupId>
                <artifactId>tomcat7-maven-plugin</artifactId>
                <version>2.2</version>
                <!-- Config: contextPath and Port (Default: /SpringMVCFreeMarker : 8080) -->
                <!--
                <configuration>
                    <path>/</path>
                    <port>8899</port>
                </configuration>
                -->   
            </plugin>
        </plugins>
    </build>   
   
</project>

4- Configurer Spring MVC

SpringWebAppInitializer.java
package org.o7planning.springmvcfreemarker.config;

import javax.servlet.FilterRegistration;
import javax.servlet.ServletContext;
import javax.servlet.ServletException;
import javax.servlet.ServletRegistration;

import org.springframework.web.WebApplicationInitializer;
import org.springframework.web.context.ContextLoaderListener;
import org.springframework.web.context.support.AnnotationConfigWebApplicationContext;
import org.springframework.web.filter.CharacterEncodingFilter;
import org.springframework.web.servlet.DispatcherServlet;

public class SpringWebAppInitializer implements WebApplicationInitializer {

    @Override
    public void onStartup(ServletContext servletContext) throws ServletException {
        AnnotationConfigWebApplicationContext appContext = new AnnotationConfigWebApplicationContext();
        appContext.register(ApplicationContextConfig.class);

        // Dispatcher Servlet
        ServletRegistration.Dynamic dispatcher = servletContext.addServlet("SpringDispatcher",
                new DispatcherServlet(appContext));
        dispatcher.setLoadOnStartup(1);
        dispatcher.addMapping("/");

        
        dispatcher.setInitParameter("contextClass", appContext.getClass().getName());

        servletContext.addListener(new ContextLoaderListener(appContext));

        // UTF8 Charactor Filter.
        FilterRegistration.Dynamic fr = servletContext.addFilter("encodingFilter", CharacterEncodingFilter.class);

        fr.setInitParameter("encoding", "UTF-8");
        fr.setInitParameter("forceEncoding", "true");
        fr.addMappingForUrlPatterns(null, true, "/*");
    }

}
WebMvcConfig.java
package org.o7planning.springmvcfreemarker.config;

import org.springframework.context.annotation.Configuration;
import org.springframework.web.servlet.config.annotation.DefaultServletHandlerConfigurer;
import org.springframework.web.servlet.config.annotation.EnableWebMvc;
import org.springframework.web.servlet.config.annotation.ResourceHandlerRegistry;
import org.springframework.web.servlet.config.annotation.WebMvcConfigurerAdapter;


@Configuration
@EnableWebMvc
public class WebMvcConfig extends WebMvcConfigurerAdapter {

 
    @Override
    public void addResourceHandlers(ResourceHandlerRegistry registry) {
         // Default.
    }

     
    @Override
    public void configureDefaultServletHandling(DefaultServletHandlerConfigurer configurer) {
        configurer.enable();
    }
 
}
Dans la classe  ApplicationContextConfig vous devez déclarer 2 Spring Beans - viewResolver & freemarkerConfig.
ApplicationContextConfig.java
package org.o7planning.springmvcfreemarker.config;

import org.springframework.context.annotation.Bean;
import org.springframework.context.annotation.ComponentScan;
import org.springframework.context.annotation.Configuration;
import org.springframework.web.servlet.ViewResolver;
import org.springframework.web.servlet.view.freemarker.FreeMarkerConfigurer;
import org.springframework.web.servlet.view.freemarker.FreeMarkerViewResolver;

@Configuration

@ComponentScan("org.o7planning.springmvcfreemarker.*")

public class ApplicationContextConfig {

    @Bean(name = "viewResolver")
    public ViewResolver getViewResolver() {
        FreeMarkerViewResolver viewResolver = new FreeMarkerViewResolver();
        System.out.println("Create Bean viewResolver");

        viewResolver.setCache(true);
        viewResolver.setPrefix("");
        viewResolver.setSuffix(".ftl");
        return viewResolver;
    }

    @Bean(name = "freemarkerConfig")
    public FreeMarkerConfigurer getFreemarkerConfig() {
        FreeMarkerConfigurer config = new FreeMarkerConfigurer();

        // Folder containing FreeMarker templates.
        config.setTemplateLoaderPath("/WEB-INF/views/");
        return config;
    }

}

5- Model, Form, Controller

Person.java
package org.o7planning.springmvcfreemarker.model;

public class Person {

    private String firstName;
    private String lastName;

    public Person() {
        
    }

    public Person(String firstName, String lastName) {
        this.firstName = firstName;
        this.lastName = lastName;
    }

    public String getFirstName() {
        return firstName;
    }

    public void setFirstName(String firstName) {
        this.firstName = firstName;
    }

    public String getLastName() {
        return lastName;
    }

    public void setLastName(String lastName) {
        this.lastName = lastName;
    }

}
PersonForm.java
package org.o7planning.springmvcfreemarker.form;

public class PersonForm {

    private String firstName;
    private String lastName;

    public String getFirstName() {
        return firstName;
    }

    public void setFirstName(String firstName) {
        this.firstName = firstName;
    }

    public String getLastName() {
        return lastName;
    }

    public void setLastName(String lastName) {
        this.lastName = lastName;
    }
    
}
Controller:
MainController.java
package org.o7planning.springmvcfreemarker.controller;

import java.util.ArrayList;
import java.util.List;

import org.o7planning.springmvcfreemarker.form.PersonForm;
import org.o7planning.springmvcfreemarker.model.Person;
import org.springframework.stereotype.Controller;
import org.springframework.ui.Model;
import org.springframework.web.bind.annotation.ModelAttribute;
import org.springframework.web.bind.annotation.RequestMapping;
import org.springframework.web.bind.annotation.RequestMethod;

@Controller
public class MainController {

    private static List<Person> persons = new ArrayList<Person>();

    static {
        persons.add(new Person("Bill", "Gates"));
        persons.add(new Person("Steve", "Jobs"));
    }

    @RequestMapping(value = { "/", "/index" }, method = RequestMethod.GET)
    public String index(Model model) {

        model.addAttribute("persons", persons);

        return "index";
    }

    @RequestMapping(value = { "/addPerson" }, method = RequestMethod.GET)
    public String addPersonForm(Model model) {

        PersonForm personForm = new PersonForm();
        model.addAttribute("personForm", personForm);

        return "addPerson";
    }

    @RequestMapping(value = { "/addPerson" }, method = RequestMethod.POST)
    public String addPersonSave(Model model, //
            @ModelAttribute("personForm") PersonForm personForm) {

        String firstName = personForm.getFirstName();
        String lastName = personForm.getLastName();

        if (firstName != null && firstName.length() > 0 //
                && lastName != null && lastName.length() > 0) {
            Person newPerson = new Person(firstName, lastName);
            persons.add(newPerson);

            return "redirect:/index";
        }
        String error = "First Name & Last Name is required!";
        model.addAttribute("errorMessage", error);
        return "addPerson";
    }

}

6- FreeMarker Views

/WEB-INF/views/index.ftl
<html>
   <head>
      <title>Person List</title>
   </head>  
   <body>
     <h3>Person List</h3>
     <a href="addPerson">Add Person</a>
     <br><br>
      <div>
        
         <table border="1">
            <tr>
               <th>First Name</th>
               <th>Last Name</th>
            </tr>
            <#list persons as person>
            <tr>
               <td>${person.firstName}</td>
               <td>${person.lastName}</td>
            </tr>
            </#list>
         </table>
      </div>
   </body>
</html>
/WEB-INF/views/addPerson.ftl
<!--
   freemarker macros have to be imported into a namespace.
   We strongly recommend sticking to 'spring'
   -->

<#import "/spring.ftl" as spring/>

<html>
   <head>
      <title>Add Person</title>
   </head>
   <body>
      <#if errorMessage??>
      <div style="color:red;font-style:italic;">
         ${errorMessage}
      </div>
      </#if>
     
      <div>
         <fieldset>
            <legend>Add Person</legend>
            <form name="person" action="" method="POST">
               First Name: <@spring.formInput "personForm.firstName" "" "text"/>    <br/>
               Last Name: <@spring.formInput "personForm.lastName" "" "text"/>    <br/>
               <input type="submit" value="Create" />
            </form>
         </fieldset>
      </div>
     
     
   </body>
  
</html>

7- Exécuter l'application

  • Name: Run SpringMVCFreeMarker
  • Base directory: ${workspace_loc:/SpringMVCFreeMarker}
  • Goals: tomcat7:run

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