Create a Launcher (Shortcut) for a program in Ubuntu

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It is very simple to create a Shortcut for a program on  Windows. You need only to " Copy" a  file or folder  which needs to be created a Shortcut, and then "Paste As Shortcut" to a certain location (folder). On Ubuntu, it will take you a bit more time. Basically, there are 2 ways to create a Shortcut for a program: 
  1. Use Gnome-Panel, a tool which help you to create a Shortcut.
  2. Use a command to create Shortcut.

1- Create a Shortcut with Gnome-Panel

First of all, you need to install the Gnome-Panel tool. Open the  Terminal and execute the following command:

sudo apt-get install --no-install-recommends gnome-panel
 
Next, execute the following command to open the  Gnome-Panel window:
gnome-desktop-item-edit --create-new ~/Desktop
 
OK, the  Gnome-Panel window has been displayed.
Now, I will create a  Shortcut for a certain program, for example  Eclipse.
A file named  "eclipse.desktop" has been created on the  Desktop.
Double click on the created file to run it. A window opened asks you to confirm your action.
At the moment, the  Shortcut file will change its icon like below:

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