JavaFX HBox, VBox Layout Tutorial

1- HBox Layout

HBox is a container, which arranges subcomponents on the single row.

2- HBox Layout example

HBoxDemo.java
package org.o7planning.javafx.hbox;

import javafx.application.Application;
import javafx.geometry.Insets;
import javafx.scene.Scene;
import javafx.scene.control.Button;
import javafx.scene.control.CheckBox;
import javafx.scene.control.RadioButton;
import javafx.scene.control.TextField;
import javafx.scene.layout.HBox;
import javafx.stage.Stage;

public class HBoxDemo extends Application {

    @Override
    public void start(Stage primaryStage) throws Exception {
        HBox root = new HBox();
       
        root.setSpacing(10);
        root.setPadding(new Insets(15,20, 10,10));
       
        // Button 1
        Button button1= new Button("Button1");
        root.getChildren().add(button1);
       
       
        // Button 2
        Button button2 = new Button("Button2");
        button2.setPrefSize(100, 100);
        root.getChildren().add(button2);
       
        // TextField
        TextField textField = new TextField("Text Field");
        textField.setPrefWidth(110);
         
       
        root.getChildren().add(textField);
       
        // CheckBox
        CheckBox checkBox = new CheckBox("Check Box");
         
        root.getChildren().add(checkBox);
       
        // RadioButton
        RadioButton radioButton = new RadioButton("Radio Button");
        root.getChildren().add(radioButton);
       
        Scene scene = new Scene(root, 550, 250);

        primaryStage.setTitle("HBox Layout Demo");
        primaryStage.setScene(scene);
        primaryStage.show();
    }

   
    public static void main(String[] args) {
        launch(args);
    }
   
}
Running the example:

3- VBox Layout

VBox is a container, which arranges subcomponents on the single column.

4- VBox Layout example

VBoxDemo.java
package org.o7planning.javafx.vbox;

import javafx.application.Application;
import javafx.geometry.Insets;
import javafx.scene.Scene;
import javafx.scene.control.Button;
import javafx.scene.control.CheckBox;
import javafx.scene.control.RadioButton;
import javafx.scene.control.TextField;
import javafx.scene.layout.HBox;
import javafx.scene.layout.VBox;
import javafx.stage.Stage;

public class VBoxDemo extends Application {

    @Override
    public void start(Stage primaryStage) throws Exception {
        VBox root = new VBox();
       
        root.setSpacing(10);
        root.setPadding(new Insets(15,20, 10,10));
       
        // Button 1
        Button button1= new Button("Button1");
        root.getChildren().add(button1);
       
       
        // Button 2
        Button button2 = new Button("Button2");
        button2.setPrefSize(100, 100);
        root.getChildren().add(button2);
       
        // TextField
        TextField textField = new TextField("Text Field");
        textField.setPrefWidth(110);
         
       
        root.getChildren().add(textField);
       
        // CheckBox
        CheckBox checkBox = new CheckBox("Check Box");
         
        root.getChildren().add(checkBox);
       
        // RadioButton
        RadioButton radioButton = new RadioButton("Radio Button");
        root.getChildren().add(radioButton);
       
        Scene scene = new Scene(root, 550, 250);

        primaryStage.setTitle("VBox Layout Demo");
        primaryStage.setScene(scene);
        primaryStage.show();
    }

   
    public static void main(String[] args) {
        launch(args);
    }
   
}
Running the example:

5- Design HBox/VBox'Layout with Scene Builder

  • File/New/Other..
Open HBoxView.fxml with Scene Builder:
Add components to HBox layout.
padding & spacing:
Set preferred size for the children:
Alignment: