JDBC Driver Libraries for different types of database in Java

1- Introduction

This document instructs you to download and using the JDBC library driver of some database. Here I instruct on types of database:
  1. Oracle
  2. MySQL
  3. SQL Server.

2- JDBC Driver for Oracle

Oracle Database library Driver is typically named ojdbc14.jarojdbc6.jar, ... The difference is the Java version packaged it.
  • ojdbc14.jar: compiled and packaged by the Java version 1.4
  • ojdbc6.jar: compiled and packaged by the Java version 1.6
More details you can view and download at the website of Oracle:
You can download  ojdbc6.jar file, it can using for Oracle database of different versions (XE, 10g, 11g, 12). But almost all current Java applications use Java version 6 or newer.

To download at website of Oracle, you must have an Oracle account (Free registration).
For saving time, you can download at the following link:
Results downloaded:

2.1- Maven for Oracle JDBC Driver

   <repositories>
       <!-- Repository for ORACLE ojdbc6. -->
       <repository>
           <id>codelds</id>
           <url>https://code.lds.org/nexus/content/groups/main-repo</url>
       </repository>
   </repositories>

    .......

   <dependencies>

       ......

       <!-- Oracle database driver -->
       <dependency>
           <groupId>com.oracle</groupId>
           <artifactId>ojdbc6</artifactId>
           <version>11.2.0.3</version>
       </dependency>

       .......

   </dependencies>

2.2- How to use (ojdbc)

// Driver class:
oracle.jdbc.driver.OracleDriver

// URL Connection String: (SID)
String urlString ="jdbc:oracle:thin:@myhost:1521:mysid"


// URL Connection String:  (Service Name)
String urlString ="jdbc:oracle:thin:username/pass@//myhost:1521/myservicename"

// Or:
String urlString ="jdbc:oracle:thin:@myhost:1521/myservicename";
For example JDBC connection to the Oracle database.
  • OracleConnUtils.java
import java.sql.Connection;
import java.sql.DriverManager;
import java.sql.SQLException;

public class OracleConnUtils {

   public static Connection getOracleConnection()
           throws ClassNotFoundException, SQLException {
       String hostName = "localhost";
       String sid = "db11g";
       String userName = "learningsql";
       String password = "1234";

       return getOracleConnection(hostName, sid, userName, password);
   }

   public static Connection getOracleConnection(String hostName, String sid,
           String userName, String password) throws ClassNotFoundException,
           SQLException {

      // Declare the class Driver for Oracle DB
      // This is necessary with Java 5 (or older)
      // Java6 (or newer) automatically find the appropriate driver.
      // If you use Java> 6, then this line is not needed.
       Class.forName("oracle.jdbc.driver.OracleDriver");

       // Example: jdbc:oracle:thin:@localhost:1521:db11g
       String connectionURL = "jdbc:oracle:thin:@" + hostName + ":1521:" + sid;

       Connection conn = DriverManager.getConnection(connectionURL, userName,
               password);
       return conn;
   }
}

3- JDBC Driver for MySQL

You can download the JDBC library for MySQL database at:
Results downloaded:

3.1- How to use

How to use:  (JDBC for MySQL)
// Driver class:
com.mysql.jdbc.Driver

// URL Connection String:
String url = "jdbc:mysql://hostname:3306/dbname";


// Example:
String url = "jdbc:mysql://localhost:3306/simplehr";
For example, using JDBC to connect to the MySQL Database
  • MySQLConnUtils.java
import java.sql.Connection;
import java.sql.DriverManager;
import java.sql.SQLException;

public class MySQLConnUtils {

  public static Connection getMySQLConnection()
          throws ClassNotFoundException, SQLException {
      String hostName = "localhost";
      String dbName = "learningsql";
      String userName = "root";
      String password = "12345";
      return getMySQLConnection(hostName, dbName, userName, password);
  }

  public static Connection getMySQLConnection(String hostName, String dbName,
          String userName, String password) throws SQLException,
          ClassNotFoundException {
     // Declare the class Driver for Oracle DB
     // This is necessary with Java 5 (or older)
     // Java6 (or newer) automatically find the appropriate driver.
     // If you use Java> 5, then this line is not needed.
      Class.forName("com.mysql.jdbc.Driver");


      // Ví dụ: jdbc:mysql://localhost:3306/simplehr
      String connectionURL = "jdbc:mysql://" + hostName + ":3306/" + dbName;

      Connection conn = DriverManager.getConnection(connectionURL, userName,
              password);
      return conn;
  }
}

3.2- Some of trouble and how to fix it

In some cases, error happens with the connection of Java or another computer with MySQL. The cause you may not have configured MySQL server to allow connections from other machines.
You can review the configuration section in the document  "Guide to installing and configuring MySQL Community".

4- JDBC Driver for SQLServer (JTDS)

JTDS is another JDBC library managing database  SQLServer, it is a open source library.
jTDS is an open source 100% pure Java (type 4) JDBC 3.0 driver for Microsoft SQL Server (6.5, 7, 2000, 2005, 2008, 2012) and Sybase ASE (10, 11, 12, 15). jTDS is based on FreeTDS and is currently the fastest production-ready JDBC driver for SQL Server and Sybase. jTDS is 100% JDBC 3.0 compatible, supporting forward-only and scrollable/updateable ResultSets and implementing all the DatabaseMetaData and ResultSetMetaData methods.
You can download the JTDS at:
Results downloaded:

4.1- How to use (jtds)

How to use:  (JDBC driver for SQL Server)
// Driver Class
net.sourceforge.jtds.jdbc.Driver

// Connection URL String:
jdbc:jtds:<server_type>://<server>[:<port>][/<database>][;<property>=<value>[;...]]

// Example 1:
String url = "jdbc:jtds:sqlserver://MYPC:1433/simplehr;instance=SQLEXPRESS;user=sa;password=s3cr3t";

getConnection(url);

// Example 2:
String url = "jdbc:jtds:sqlserver://MYPC:1433/simplehr;instance=SQLEXPRESS";

getConnection(url, "sa", "s3cr3t"):
For example, using JDBC to connect to the MySQL Database (with JTDS library)
  • SQLServerConnUtils_JTDS.java
import java.sql.Connection;
import java.sql.DriverManager;
import java.sql.SQLException;

public class SQLServerConnUtils_JTDS {

 // Connect to SQLServer.
 // (Using JTDS library)
 public static Connection getSQLServerConnection_JTDS() throws SQLException,
         ClassNotFoundException {
     String hostName = "localhost";
     String sqlInstanceName = "SQLEXPRESS";
     String database = "simplehr";
     String userName = "sa";
     String password = "12345";

     return getSQLServerConnection_JTDS(hostName, sqlInstanceName, database,
             userName, password);
 }


 // JTDS & SQLServer.
 private static Connection getSQLServerConnection_JTDS(String hostName,
         String sqlInstanceName, String database, String userName,
         String password) throws ClassNotFoundException, SQLException {

    // Declare the class Driver for Oracle DB
    // This is necessary with Java 5 (or older)
    // Java6 (or newer) automatically find the appropriate driver.
    // If you use Java> 5, then this line is not needed.
     Class.forName("net.sourceforge.jtds.jdbc.Driver");

      // Example:
     // jdbc:jtds:sqlserver://localhost:1433/simplehr;instance=SQLEXPRESS
     String connectionURL = "jdbc:jtds:sqlserver://" + hostName + ":1433/"
             + database + ";instance=" + sqlInstanceName;

     Connection conn = DriverManager.getConnection(connectionURL, userName,
             password);
     return conn;
 }

}

4.2- Some of trouble and how to fix it

In some situations, we connect to  SQLServer and error happens:
Exception in thread "main" java.sql.SQLException: Server tran-vmware has no instance named SQLEXPRESS.
   at net.sourceforge.jtds.jdbc.JtdsConnection.<init>(JtdsConnection.java:301)
   at net.sourceforge.jtds.jdbc.Driver.connect(Driver.java:184)
   at java.sql.DriverManager.getConnection(DriverManager.java:571)
   at java.sql.DriverManager.getConnection(DriverManager.java:215)
   at org.o7planning.tutorial.jdbc.ConnectionUtils.getSQLServerConnection_JTDS(ConnectionUtils.java:189)
   at org.o7planning.tutorial.jdbc.ConnectionUtils.getSQLServerConnection_JTDS(ConnectionUtils.java:72)
   at org.o7planning.tutorial.jdbc.ConnectionUtils.getMyConnection(ConnectionUtils.java:31)
   at org.o7planning.tutorial.jdbc.TestConnection.main(TestConnection.java:20)
The above error exists because you do not  Enable the  TCP/IP service of  SQLServer. You can reference the configuration section in the document:  "Guide to installing and configuring  SQLServer Express ..." at:

5- JDBC Driver for SQLServer (SQLJDBC)

SQLJDBC library is provided by Microsoft.
Download:
Unzip the file you just downloaded.
The result:

5.1- How to use (sqljdbc)

// Driver Class:
com.microsoft.sqlserver.jdbc.SQLServerDriver

Class.forName("com.microsoft.sqlserver.jdbc.SQLServerDriver");

// Url String:
String url = "jdbc:sqlserver://ServerIp;Instance=SQLEXPRESS;databaseName=simplehr";

// or
String url = "jdbc:sqlserver://ServerIp:1433;Instance=SQLEXPRESS;databaseName=simplehr";

String user = "dbUserID";
String pass = "dbUserPassword";

Connection connection = DriverManager.getConnection(url, user, pass);
For example, using JDBC to connect to the MySQL Database (with SQLJDBC library).
  • SQLServerConnUtils_SQLJDBC.java
import java.sql.Connection;
import java.sql.DriverManager;
import java.sql.SQLException;

public class SQLServerConnUtils_SQLJDBC {
 
  // Connect to SQLServer.
  // (Using SQLJDBC)
  public static Connection getSQLServerConnection_SQLJDBC()
          throws ClassNotFoundException, SQLException {
      String hostName = "localhost";
      String sqlInstanceName = "SQLEXPRESS";
      String database = "learningsql";
      String userName = "sa";
      String password = "12345";

      return getSQLServerConnection_SQLJDBC(hostName, sqlInstanceName,
              database, userName, password);
  }



  // SQLServer & SQLJDBC.
  private static Connection getSQLServerConnection_SQLJDBC(String hostName,
          String sqlInstanceName, String database, String userName,
          String password) throws ClassNotFoundException, SQLException {
     // Declare the class Driver for Oracle DB
     // This is necessary with Java 5 (or older)
     // Java6 (or newer) automatically find the appropriate driver.
     // If you use Java> 5, then this line is not needed.
      Class.forName("com.microsoft.sqlserver.jdbc.SQLServerDriver");


      // Example:
      // jdbc:sqlserver://ServerIp:1433/SQLEXPRESS;databaseName=simplehr
      String connectionURL = "jdbc:sqlserver://" + hostName + ":1433"
              + ";instance=" + sqlInstanceName + ";databaseName=" + database;

      Connection conn = DriverManager.getConnection(connectionURL, userName,
              password);
      return conn;
  }

}

5.2- Some of trouble and how to fix it

In some situations, we connect to  SQLServer and error happens:
com.microsoft.sqlserver.jdbc.SQLServerException: The TCP/IP connection to the host localhost, port 1433 has failed. Error: "Connection refused: connect. Verify the connection properties. Make sure that an instance of SQL Server is running on the host and accepting TCP/IP connections at the port. Make sure that TCP connections to the port are not blocked by a firewall.".
  at com.microsoft.sqlserver.jdbc.SQLServerException.makeFromDriverError(SQLServerException.java:190)
  at com.microsoft.sqlserver.jdbc.SQLServerException.ConvertConnectExceptionToSQLServerException(SQLServerException.java:241)
  at com.microsoft.sqlserver.jdbc.SocketFinder.findSocket(IOBuffer.java:2243)
  at com.microsoft.sqlserver.jdbc.TDSChannel.open(IOBuffer.java:491)
  at com.microsoft.sqlserver.jdbc.SQLServerConnection.connectHelper(SQLServerConnection.java:1309)
  at com.microsoft.sqlserver.jdbc.SQLServerConnection.login(SQLServerConnection.java:991)
  at com.microsoft.sqlserver.jdbc.SQLServerConnection.connect(SQLServerConnection.java:827)
  at com.microsoft.sqlserver.jdbc.SQLServerDriver.connect(SQLServerDriver.java:1012)
  at java.sql.DriverManager.getConnection(Unknown Source)
  at java.sql.DriverManager.getConnection(Unknown Source)
  ...
The above error exists because you do not  Enable the  TCP/IP service of  SQLServer. You can reference the configuration section in the document:  "Guide to installing and configuring  SQLServer Express ..." at:
If still errors:
Exception in thread "main" com.microsoft.sqlserver.jdbc.SQLServerException: The TCP/IP connection to the host tran-vmware, port 1433 has failed. Error: "Connection refused: connect. Verify the connection properties. Make sure that an instance of SQL Server is running on the host and accepting TCP/IP connections at the port. Make sure that TCP connections to the port are not blocked by a firewall.".
 at com.microsoft.sqlserver.jdbc.SQLServerException.makeFromDriverError(SQLServerException.java:190)
 at com.microsoft.sqlserver.jdbc.SQLServerException.ConvertConnectExceptionToSQLServerException(SQLServerException.java:241)
 at com.microsoft.sqlserver.jdbc.SocketFinder.findSocket(IOBuffer.java:2243)
 at com.microsoft.sqlserver.jdbc.TDSChannel.open(IOBuffer.java:491)
 at com.microsoft.sqlserver.jdbc.SQLServerConnection.connectHelper(SQLServerConnection.java:1309)
 at com.microsoft.sqlserver.jdbc.SQLServerConnection.login(SQLServerConnection.java:991)
 at com.microsoft.sqlserver.jdbc.SQLServerConnection.connect(SQLServerConnection.java:827)
 at com.microsoft.sqlserver.jdbc.SQLServerDriver.connect(SQLServerDriver.java:1012)
 at java.sql.DriverManager.getConnection(DriverManager.java:571)
 at java.sql.DriverManager.getConnection(DriverManager.java:215)
 ...
  • TODO
  • You should use JTDS

6- JDBC Driver for MongoDB

JDBC Driver for MongoDB you can download at:
You can also download at Maven Repository: