Erstellen Sie eine Benutzerregistrierungsanwendung mit Spring Boot, Spring Form Validation

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1- Das Zweck des Beispiel

Der Unterlagen wird nach ... geschrieben:
  • Eclipse 3.7 (Oxygen)

  • Spring Boot 2.x

  • Spring Validation

  • Thymeleaf

Im Unterlagen leite ich Sie bei der Erstellung einer Registration-Applikation benutzend  Spring Boot + Spring Validation + Thymeleaf. Die Themen werden im Unterlagen erwähnt:
  1. Eine Registration Form auf Spring erstellen.
  2. Spring Validator verwenden um die eingegebenen Information zu bestätigen.
  3. Den Operationsgrundsatz vom Spring Validator erklären.
Die Applikation vorschauen

2- Spring Boot Projekt erstellen

Auf  Eclipse erstellen Sie das Projekt  Spring Boot.
Geben Sie ein
  • Name: SbRegistrationFormValidationThymeleaf
  • Group: org.o7planning
  • Description: Spring Boot + Form Validation + Thymeleaf
  • Package: org.o7planning.sbformvalidation
Die Technologie und die Bibliothek zur Verwendung auswählen
  • Security
  • Validation
  • Web
  • Thymeleaf
OK, Das Projekt wurde erstellt
SbRegistrationFormValidationThymeleafApplication.java
package org.o7planning.sbformvalidation;

import org.springframework.boot.SpringApplication;
import org.springframework.boot.autoconfigure.SpringBootApplication;

@SpringBootApplication
public class SbRegistrationFormValidationThymeleafApplication {

    public static void main(String[] args) {
        SpringApplication.run(SbRegistrationFormValidationThymeleafApplication.class, args);
    }
}

 

3- pom.xml konfigurieren

In diesem Beispiel werden wir die Bibliothek   Commons Validation verwenden um das Email des Benutzer zu prüfen, ob es ist richtig oder nicht. Deshalb sollen wir die Bibliothek in  pom.xml deklarieren.
** Commons Validation **
<dependencies>
    .....

        <!-- https://mvnrepository.com/artifact/commons-validator/commons-validator -->
    <dependency>
        <groupId>commons-validator</groupId>
        <artifactId>commons-validator</artifactId>
        <version>1.6</version>
    </dependency>

        .....    
</dependencies>
Die ganze Inhalt der File pom.xml:
pom.xml
<?xml version="1.0" encoding="UTF-8"?>
<project xmlns="http://maven.apache.org/POM/4.0.0"
    xmlns:xsi="http://www.w3.org/2001/XMLSchema-instance"
    xsi:schemaLocation="http://maven.apache.org/POM/4.0.0
             http://maven.apache.org/xsd/maven-4.0.0.xsd">
            
    <modelVersion>4.0.0</modelVersion>

    <groupId>org.o7planning</groupId>
    <artifactId>SbRegistrationFormValidationThymeleaf</artifactId>
    <version>0.0.1-SNAPSHOT</version>
    <packaging>jar</packaging>

    <name>SbRegistrationFormValidationThymeleaf</name>
    <description>Spring Boot + Form Validation + Thymeleaf</description>

    <parent>
        <groupId>org.springframework.boot</groupId>
        <artifactId>spring-boot-starter-parent</artifactId>
        <version>2.0.0.M5</version>
        <relativePath/> <!-- lookup parent from repository -->
    </parent>

    <properties>
        <project.build.sourceEncoding>UTF-8</project.build.sourceEncoding>
        <project.reporting.outputEncoding>UTF-8</project.reporting.outputEncoding>
        <java.version>1.8</java.version>
    </properties>

    <dependencies>
        <dependency>
            <groupId>org.springframework.boot</groupId>
            <artifactId>spring-boot-starter-security</artifactId>
        </dependency>
        <dependency>
            <groupId>org.springframework.boot</groupId>
            <artifactId>spring-boot-starter-thymeleaf</artifactId>
        </dependency>
        <dependency>
            <groupId>org.springframework.boot</groupId>
            <artifactId>spring-boot-starter-validation</artifactId>
        </dependency>
        <dependency>
            <groupId>org.springframework.boot</groupId>
            <artifactId>spring-boot-starter-web</artifactId>
        </dependency>
        
        <!-- https://mvnrepository.com/artifact/commons-validator/commons-validator -->
        <dependency>
            <groupId>commons-validator</groupId>
            <artifactId>commons-validator</artifactId>
            <version>1.6</version>
        </dependency>

        <dependency>
            <groupId>org.springframework.boot</groupId>
            <artifactId>spring-boot-starter-test</artifactId>
            <scope>test</scope>
        </dependency>
        <dependency>
            <groupId>org.springframework.security</groupId>
            <artifactId>spring-security-test</artifactId>
            <scope>test</scope>
        </dependency>
    </dependencies>

    <build>
        <plugins>
            <plugin>
                <groupId>org.springframework.boot</groupId>
                <artifactId>spring-boot-maven-plugin</artifactId>
            </plugin>
        </plugins>
    </build>

    <repositories>
        <repository>
            <id>spring-snapshots</id>
            <name>Spring Snapshots</name>
            <url>https://repo.spring.io/snapshot</url>
            <snapshots>
                <enabled>true</enabled>
            </snapshots>
        </repository>
        <repository>
            <id>spring-milestones</id>
            <name>Spring Milestones</name>
            <url>https://repo.spring.io/milestone</url>
            <snapshots>
                <enabled>false</enabled>
            </snapshots>
        </repository>
    </repositories>

    <pluginRepositories>
        <pluginRepository>
            <id>spring-snapshots</id>
            <name>Spring Snapshots</name>
            <url>https://repo.spring.io/snapshot</url>
            <snapshots>
                <enabled>true</enabled>
            </snapshots>
        </pluginRepository>
        <pluginRepository>
            <id>spring-milestones</id>
            <name>Spring Milestones</name>
            <url>https://repo.spring.io/milestone</url>
            <snapshots>
                <enabled>false</enabled>
            </snapshots>
        </pluginRepository>
    </pluginRepositories>


</project>

4- Security, MessageSource

In diesem Beispiel fokusier ich auf die Sicherheit der Applikation nicht. Aber wir brauchen die Bibliothek  Spring Security um das Passwort des Benutzer vor dem Speichern in der Database zu kodieren (encode). Und Sie ein  Spring BEAN für die Kodierung des Passwort deklarieren
WebSecurityConfig.java
package org.o7planning.sbformvalidation.config;

import org.springframework.context.annotation.Bean;
import org.springframework.context.annotation.Configuration;
import org.springframework.security.config.annotation.web.builders.HttpSecurity;
import org.springframework.security.config.annotation.web.configuration.EnableWebSecurity;
import org.springframework.security.config.annotation.web.configuration.WebSecurityConfigurerAdapter;
import org.springframework.security.crypto.bcrypt.BCryptPasswordEncoder;
import org.springframework.security.crypto.password.PasswordEncoder;

@Configuration
@EnableWebSecurity
public class WebSecurityConfig extends WebSecurityConfigurerAdapter {

	@Bean
	public PasswordEncoder passwordEncoder() {
		BCryptPasswordEncoder bCryptPasswordEncoder = new BCryptPasswordEncoder();
		return bCryptPasswordEncoder;
	}

	// In this example we do not use Security.
	// Override this method with empty code
	// to disable the default Spring Boot security.
	@Override
	protected void configure(HttpSecurity http) throws Exception {
		// Empty code!
	}
}
Im Beispiel haben wir die File   validation.properties. Die File enthaltet die Fehler-Kode (Error code), die verwendet wird um dem Benutzer bei der Eingabe der unrichtigen Information zu informieren
validation.properties
NotEmpty.appUserForm.userName=User name is required
NotEmpty.appUserForm.firstName=First Name is required
NotEmpty.appUserForm.lastName=Last name is required
NotEmpty.appUserForm.email=Email is required
NotEmpty.appUserForm.password=Password is required
NotEmpty.appUserForm.confirmPassword=Confirm Password is required
NotEmpty.appUserForm.gender=Gender is required
NotEmpty.appUserForm.countryCode=Country is required

Pattern.appUserForm.email=Invalid email
Duplicate.appUserForm.email=Email has been used by another account
Duplicate.appUserForm.userName=Username is not available
Match.appUserForm.confirmPassword=Password does not match the confirm password
Sie brauchen  MessageResource Spring Bean deklarieren, damit  Spring die Inhalt der File   validation.properties in der Memory automatisch ladet
WebConfiguration.java
package org.o7planning.sbformvalidation.config;

import org.springframework.context.MessageSource;
import org.springframework.context.annotation.Bean;
import org.springframework.context.annotation.Configuration;
import org.springframework.context.support.ReloadableResourceBundleMessageSource;
import org.springframework.web.servlet.config.annotation.EnableWebMvc;
import org.springframework.web.servlet.config.annotation.WebMvcConfigurer;

@Configuration
@EnableWebMvc
public class WebConfiguration implements WebMvcConfigurer {

	@Bean
	public MessageSource messageSource() {
		ReloadableResourceBundleMessageSource messageSource = new ReloadableResourceBundleMessageSource();
		// Load file: validation.properties
		messageSource.setBasename("classpath:validation");
		messageSource.setDefaultEncoding("UTF-8");
		return messageSource;
	}

}

5- Model, DAO

Die Klasse AppUser vertritt ein Rekord der Tabelle  APP_USER. Es ist ein Benutzer (user), der im System erfolgreich registriert hat
AppUser.java
package org.o7planning.sbformvalidation.model;

public class AppUser {
    

    private Long userId;
    private String userName;
    private String firstName;
    private String lastName;
    private boolean enabled;
    private String gender;
    private String email;
    private String encrytedPassword;
    
    private String countryCode;

    public AppUser() {

    }

    public AppUser(Long userId, String userName, String firstName, String lastName, //
            boolean enabled, String gender, //
            String email,String countryCode, String encrytedPassword) {
        super();
        this.userId = userId;
        this.userName = userName;
        this.firstName = firstName;
        this.lastName = lastName;
        this.enabled = enabled;
        this.gender = gender;
        this.email = email;
        this.countryCode= countryCode;
        this.encrytedPassword = encrytedPassword;
    }

    public Long getUserId() {
        return userId;
    }

    public void setUserId(Long userId) {
        this.userId = userId;
    }

    public String getUserName() {
        return userName;
    }

    public void setUserName(String userName) {
        this.userName = userName;
    }

    public String getFirstName() {
        return firstName;
    }

    public void setFirstName(String firstName) {
        this.firstName = firstName;
    }

    public String getLastName() {
        return lastName;
    }

    public void setLastName(String lastName) {
        this.lastName = lastName;
    }

    public boolean isEnabled() {
        return enabled;
    }

    public void setEnabled(boolean enabled) {
        this.enabled = enabled;
    }

    public String getGender() {
        return gender;
    }

    public void setGender(String gender) {
        this.gender = gender;
    }

    public String getEmail() {
        return email;
    }

    public void setEmail(String email) {
        this.email = email;
    }

    public String getEncrytedPassword() {
        return encrytedPassword;
    }

    public void setEncrytedPassword(String encrytedPassword) {
        this.encrytedPassword = encrytedPassword;
    }

    public String getCountryCode() {
        return countryCode;
    }

    public void setCountryCode(String countryCode) {
        this.countryCode = countryCode;
    }

}

 
Country.java
package org.o7planning.sbformvalidation.model;

public class Country {

    private String countryCode;
    private String countryName;

    public Country() {

    }

    public Country(String countryCode, String countryName) {
        this.countryCode = countryCode;
        this.countryName = countryName;
    }

    public String getCountryCode() {
        return countryCode;
    }

    public void setCountryCode(String countryCode) {
        this.countryCode = countryCode;
    }

    public String getCountryName() {
        return countryName;
    }

    public void setCountryName(String countryName) {
        this.countryName = countryName;
    }
}
 
Gender.java
package org.o7planning.sbformvalidation.model;

public class Gender {

    public static final String MALE = "M";
    public static final String FEMALE = "F";
}

 
Die Klasse  DAO (Data Access Object) wird verwendet um mit der Ressourcen zu manipulieren, zum Beispiel  query, insert, update, delete. Die Klasse werden oft durch  @Repository annotiert damit  Spring sie wie Spring BEAN verwaltet.
AppUserDAO.java
package org.o7planning.sbformvalidation.dao;

import java.util.ArrayList;
import java.util.Collection;
import java.util.HashMap;
import java.util.List;
import java.util.Map;

import org.o7planning.sbformvalidation.formbean.AppUserForm;
import org.o7planning.sbformvalidation.model.AppUser;
import org.o7planning.sbformvalidation.model.Gender;
import org.springframework.beans.factory.annotation.Autowired;
import org.springframework.security.crypto.password.PasswordEncoder;
import org.springframework.stereotype.Repository;

@Repository
public class AppUserDAO {

    // Config in WebSecurityConfig
    @Autowired
    private PasswordEncoder passwordEncoder;

    private static final Map<Long, AppUser> USERS_MAP = new HashMap<>();

    static {
        initDATA();
    }

    private static void initDATA() {
        String encrytedPassword = "";

        AppUser tom = new AppUser(1L, "tom", "Tom", "Tom", //
                true, Gender.MALE, "tom@waltdisney.com", encrytedPassword, "US");

        AppUser jerry = new AppUser(2L, "jerry", "Jerry", "Jerry", //
                true, Gender.MALE, "jerry@waltdisney.com", encrytedPassword, "US");

        USERS_MAP.put(tom.getUserId(), tom);
        USERS_MAP.put(jerry.getUserId(), jerry);
    }

    public Long getMaxUserId() {
        long max = 0;
        for (Long id : USERS_MAP.keySet()) {
            if (id > max) {
                max = id;
            }
        }
        return max;
    }

    //

    public AppUser findAppUserByUserName(String userName) {
        Collection<AppUser> appUsers = USERS_MAP.values();
        for (AppUser u : appUsers) {
            if (u.getUserName().equals(userName)) {
                return u;
            }
        }
        return null;
    }

    public AppUser findAppUserByEmail(String email) {
        Collection<AppUser> appUsers = USERS_MAP.values();
        for (AppUser u : appUsers) {
            if (u.getEmail().equals(email)) {
                return u;
            }
        }
        return null;
    }

    public List<AppUser> getAppUsers() {
        List<AppUser> list = new ArrayList<>();

        list.addAll(USERS_MAP.values());
        return list;
    }

    public AppUser createAppUser(AppUserForm form) {
        Long userId = this.getMaxUserId() + 1;
        String encrytedPassword = this.passwordEncoder.encode(form.getPassword());

        AppUser user = new AppUser(userId, form.getUserName(), //
                form.getFirstName(), form.getLastName(), false, //
                form.getGender(), form.getEmail(), form.getCountryCode(), //
                encrytedPassword);

        USERS_MAP.put(userId, user);
        return user;
    }

}
 
CountryDAO.java
package org.o7planning.sbformvalidation.dao;

import java.util.ArrayList;
import java.util.HashMap;
import java.util.List;
import java.util.Map;

import org.o7planning.sbformvalidation.model.Country;
import org.springframework.stereotype.Repository;

@Repository
public class CountryDAO {

    private static final Map<String, Country> COUNTRIES_MAP = new HashMap<>();

    static {
        initDATA();
    }

    private static void initDATA() {

        Country vn = new Country("VN", "Vietnam");
        Country en = new Country("EN", "England");
        Country fr = new Country("FR", "France");
        Country us = new Country("US", "US");
        Country ru = new Country("RU", "Russia");

        COUNTRIES_MAP.put(vn.getCountryCode(), vn);
        COUNTRIES_MAP.put(en.getCountryCode(), en);
        COUNTRIES_MAP.put(fr.getCountryCode(), fr);
        COUNTRIES_MAP.put(us.getCountryCode(), us);
        COUNTRIES_MAP.put(ru.getCountryCode(), ru);
    }

    public Country findCountryByCode(String countryCode) {
        return COUNTRIES_MAP.get(countryCode);
    }

    public List<Country> getCountries() {
        List<Country> list = new ArrayList<>();
        list.addAll(COUNTRIES_MAP.values());
        return list;
    }

}

 

6- Form Bean, Validator

Die Klasse  AppUserForm vertritt die Daten, die der Benutzer in die Registration-Form eingeben soll
AppUserForm.java
package org.o7planning.sbformvalidation.formbean;

public class AppUserForm {

    private Long userId;
    private String userName;
    private String firstName;
    private String lastName;
    private boolean enabled;
    private String gender;
    private String email;
    private String password;
    private String confirmPassword;
    private String countryCode;

    public AppUserForm() {

    }

    public AppUserForm(Long userId, String userName, //
            String firstName, String lastName, boolean enabled, //
            String gender, String email, String countryCode, //
            String password, String confirmPassword) {
        this.userId = userId;
        this.userName = userName;
        this.firstName = firstName;
        this.lastName = lastName;
        this.enabled = enabled;
        this.gender = gender;
        this.email = email;
        this.countryCode = countryCode;
        this.password = password;
        this.confirmPassword = confirmPassword;
    }

    public Long getUserId() {
        return userId;
    }

    public void setUserId(Long userId) {
        this.userId = userId;
    }

    public String getUserName() {
        return userName;
    }

    public void setUserName(String userName) {
        this.userName = userName;
    }

    public String getFirstName() {
        return firstName;
    }

    public void setFirstName(String firstName) {
        this.firstName = firstName;
    }

    public String getLastName() {
        return lastName;
    }

    public void setLastName(String lastName) {
        this.lastName = lastName;
    }

    public boolean isEnabled() {
        return enabled;
    }

    public void setEnabled(boolean enabled) {
        this.enabled = enabled;
    }

    public String getGender() {
        return gender;
    }

    public void setGender(String gender) {
        this.gender = gender;
    }

    public String getEmail() {
        return email;
    }

    public void setEmail(String email) {
        this.email = email;
    }

    public String getCountryCode() {
        return countryCode;
    }

    public void setCountryCode(String countryCode) {
        this.countryCode = countryCode;
    }

    public String getPassword() {
        return password;
    }

    public void setPassword(String password) {
        this.password = password;
    }

    public String getConfirmPassword() {
        return confirmPassword;
    }

    public void setConfirmPassword(String confirmPassword) {
        this.confirmPassword = confirmPassword;
    }
}

 
Die Klasse  AppUserValidator wird verwendet um die vom Benutzer in die Form eingegebenen Information zu bestätigen (validate). Deshalb wird  AppUserValidator die Wert der Felder (field) des Objekts  AppUserForm ​​​​​​​validieren.
AppUserValidator.java
package org.o7planning.sbformvalidation.validator;

import org.apache.commons.validator.routines.EmailValidator;
import org.o7planning.sbformvalidation.dao.AppUserDAO;
import org.o7planning.sbformvalidation.formbean.AppUserForm;
import org.o7planning.sbformvalidation.model.AppUser;
import org.springframework.beans.factory.annotation.Autowired;
import org.springframework.stereotype.Component;
import org.springframework.validation.Errors;
import org.springframework.validation.ValidationUtils;
import org.springframework.validation.Validator;

@Component
public class AppUserValidator implements Validator {

	// common-validator library.
	private EmailValidator emailValidator = EmailValidator.getInstance();

	@Autowired
	private AppUserDAO appUserDAO;

	// The classes are supported by this validator.
	@Override
	public boolean supports(Class<?> clazz) {
		return clazz == AppUserForm.class;
	}

	@Override
	public void validate(Object target, Errors errors) {
		AppUserForm appUserForm = (AppUserForm) target;

		// Check the fields of AppUserForm.
		ValidationUtils.rejectIfEmptyOrWhitespace(errors, "userName", "NotEmpty.appUserForm.userName");
		ValidationUtils.rejectIfEmptyOrWhitespace(errors, "firstName", "NotEmpty.appUserForm.firstName");
		ValidationUtils.rejectIfEmptyOrWhitespace(errors, "lastName", "NotEmpty.appUserForm.lastName");
		ValidationUtils.rejectIfEmptyOrWhitespace(errors, "email", "NotEmpty.appUserForm.email");
		ValidationUtils.rejectIfEmptyOrWhitespace(errors, "password", "NotEmpty.appUserForm.password");
		ValidationUtils.rejectIfEmptyOrWhitespace(errors, "confirmPassword", "NotEmpty.appUserForm.confirmPassword");
		ValidationUtils.rejectIfEmptyOrWhitespace(errors, "gender", "NotEmpty.appUserForm.gender");
		ValidationUtils.rejectIfEmptyOrWhitespace(errors, "countryCode", "NotEmpty.appUserForm.countryCode");

		if (!this.emailValidator.isValid(appUserForm.getEmail())) {
			// Invalid email.
			errors.rejectValue("email", "Pattern.appUserForm.email");
		} else if (appUserForm.getUserId() == null) {
			AppUser dbUser = appUserDAO.findAppUserByEmail(appUserForm.getEmail());
			if (dbUser != null) {
				// Email has been used by another account.
				errors.rejectValue("email", "Duplicate.appUserForm.email");
			}
		}

		if (!errors.hasFieldErrors("userName")) {
			AppUser dbUser = appUserDAO.findAppUserByUserName(appUserForm.getUserName());
			if (dbUser != null) {
				// Username is not available.
				errors.rejectValue("userName", "Duplicate.appUserForm.userName");
			}
		}

		if (!errors.hasErrors()) {
			if (!appUserForm.getConfirmPassword().equals(appUserForm.getPassword())) {
				errors.rejectValue("confirmPassword", "Match.appUserForm.confirmPassword");
			}
		}
	}

}

7- Controller

MainController.java
package org.o7planning.sbformvalidation.controller;

import java.util.List;

import org.o7planning.sbformvalidation.dao.AppUserDAO;
import org.o7planning.sbformvalidation.dao.CountryDAO;
import org.o7planning.sbformvalidation.formbean.AppUserForm;
import org.o7planning.sbformvalidation.model.AppUser;
import org.o7planning.sbformvalidation.model.Country;
import org.o7planning.sbformvalidation.validator.AppUserValidator;
import org.springframework.beans.factory.annotation.Autowired;
import org.springframework.stereotype.Controller;
// import org.springframework.transaction.annotation.Transactional;
import org.springframework.ui.Model;
import org.springframework.validation.BindingResult;
import org.springframework.validation.annotation.Validated;
import org.springframework.web.bind.WebDataBinder;
import org.springframework.web.bind.annotation.InitBinder;
import org.springframework.web.bind.annotation.ModelAttribute;
import org.springframework.web.bind.annotation.RequestMapping;
import org.springframework.web.bind.annotation.RequestMethod;
import org.springframework.web.servlet.mvc.support.RedirectAttributes;

@Controller
public class MainController {

   @Autowired
   private AppUserDAO appUserDAO;

   @Autowired
   private CountryDAO countryDAO;

   @Autowired
   private AppUserValidator appUserValidator;

   // Set a form validator
   @InitBinder
   protected void initBinder(WebDataBinder dataBinder) {
      // Form target
      Object target = dataBinder.getTarget();
      if (target == null) {
         return;
      }
      System.out.println("Target=" + target);

      if (target.getClass() == AppUserForm.class) {
         dataBinder.setValidator(appUserValidator);
      }
      // ...
   }

   @RequestMapping("/")
   public String viewHome(Model model) {

      return "welcomePage";
   }

   @RequestMapping("/members")
   public String viewMembers(Model model) {

      List<AppUser> list = appUserDAO.getAppUsers();

      model.addAttribute("members", list);

      return "membersPage";
   }

   @RequestMapping("/registerSuccessful")
   public String viewRegisterSuccessful(Model model) {

      return "registerSuccessfulPage";
   }

   // Show Register page.
   @RequestMapping(value = "/register", method = RequestMethod.GET)
   public String viewRegister(Model model) {

      AppUserForm form = new AppUserForm();
      List<Country> countries = countryDAO.getCountries();

      model.addAttribute("appUserForm", form);
      model.addAttribute("countries", countries);

      return "registerPage";
   }

   // This method is called to save the registration information.
   // @Validated: To ensure that this Form
   // has been Validated before this method is invoked.
   @RequestMapping(value = "/register", method = RequestMethod.POST)
   public String saveRegister(Model model, //
         @ModelAttribute("appUserForm") @Validated AppUserForm appUserForm, //
         BindingResult result, //
         final RedirectAttributes redirectAttributes) {

      // Validate result
      if (result.hasErrors()) {
         List<Country> countries = countryDAO.getCountries();
         model.addAttribute("countries", countries);
         return "registerPage";
      }
      AppUser newUser= null;
      try {
         newUser = appUserDAO.createAppUser(appUserForm);
      }
      // Other error!!
      catch (Exception e) {
         List<Country> countries = countryDAO.getCountries();
         model.addAttribute("countries", countries);
         model.addAttribute("errorMessage", "Error: " + e.getMessage());
         return "registerPage";
      }

      redirectAttributes.addFlashAttribute("flashUser", newUser);
      
      return "redirect:/registerSuccessful";
   }

}

8- Thymeleaf Template

_menu.html
<div xmlns:th="http://www.thymeleaf.org"
     style="border: 1px solid #ccc;padding:5px;margin-bottom:20px;">

  <a th:href="@{/}">Home</a>

     | &nbsp;

   <a th:href="@{/members}">Members</a>

     | &nbsp;

   <a th:href="@{/register}">Register</a>
  

</div>
membersPage.html
<!DOCTYPE HTML>
<html xmlns:th="http://www.thymeleaf.org">
   <head>
      <title th:utext="${title}"></title>
   </head>
   
   <style>
      table th, table td {
         padding: 5px;
      }
      .message {
         color: blue;
      }
   </style>
   
   <body>
   
      <!-- Include _menu.html -->
      <th:block th:include="/_menu"></th:block>  
      
      <h2>Members</h2>
      
   
      
      <table border="1">
            <tr>
               <th>User Name</th>
               <th>First Name</th>
               <th>Last Name</th>
               <th>Email</th>
               <th>Gender</th>
            </tr>
            <tr th:each ="member : ${members}">
               <td th:utext="${member.userName}">...</td>
               <td th:utext="${member.firstName}">...</td>
               <td th:utext="${member.lastName}">...</td>
               <td th:utext="${member.email}">...</td>
               <td th:utext="${member.gender}">...</td>
            </tr>
      </table>
      
   </body>
</html>

 
registerPage.html
<!DOCTYPE HTML>
<html xmlns:th="http://www.thymeleaf.org">
   <head>
      <title th:utext="${title}"></title>
      <style>
         th, td {
         padding: 5px;
         }
         td span  {
         font-size:90%;
         font-style: italic;
         color: red;
         }
         .error {
         color: red;
         font-style: italic;
         }
      </style>
   </head>
   <body>
      <!-- Include _menu.html -->
      <th:block th:include="/_menu"></th:block>
      
      <h2>Register</h2>
      
      <div th:if="${errorMessage != null}"
           th:utext="${errorMessage}" class="error">...</div>
      
      <form th:action="@{/register}" th:object="${appUserForm}" method="POST">
         <table>
            <tr>
               <td>User Name</td>
               <td><input type="text" th:field="*{userName}" /></td>
               <td>
                  <span th:if="${#fields.hasErrors('userName')}" th:errors="*{userName}">..</span>
               </td>
            </tr>
            <tr>
               <td>Password</td>
               <td><input type="password" th:field="*{password}" /> </td>
               <td>
                  <span th:if="${#fields.hasErrors('password')}" th:errors="*{password}">..</span>
               </td>
            </tr>
            <tr>
               <td>Confirm</td>
               <td><input type="password" th:field="*{confirmPassword}" /> </td>
               <td>
                  <span th:if="${#fields.hasErrors('confirmPassword')}" th:errors="*{confirmPassword}">..</span>
               </td>
            </tr>
            <tr>
               <td>Email</td>
               <td><input type="text" th:field="*{email}" /> </td>
               <td>
                  <span th:if="${#fields.hasErrors('email')}" th:errors="*{email}">..</span>
               </td>
            </tr>
            <tr>
               <td>First Name</td>
               <td><input type="text" th:field="*{firstName}" /> </td>
               <td>
                  <span th:if="${#fields.hasErrors('firstName')}" th:errors="*{firstName}">..</span>
               </td>
            </tr>
            <tr>
               <td>Last Name</td>
               <td><input type="text" th:field="*{lastName}" /> </td>
               <td>
                  <span th:if="${#fields.hasErrors('lastName')}" th:errors="*{lastName}">..</span>
               </td>
            </tr>
            <tr>
               <td>Gender</td>
               <td>
                  <select th:field="*{gender}">
                     <option value=""> -- </option>
                     <option value="M">Male</option>
                     <option value="F">Female</option>
                  </select>
               </td>
               <td>
                  <span th:if="${#fields.hasErrors('gender')}" th:errors="*{gender}">..</span>
               </td>
            </tr>
            <tr>
               <td>Country</td>
               <td>
                  <select th:field="*{countryCode}">
                     <option value=""> -- </option>
                     <option th:each="country : ${countries}"
                        th:value="${country.countryCode}"
                        th:utext="${country.countryName}"/>
                  </select>
               <td><span th:if="${#fields.hasErrors('countryCode')}" th:errors="*{countryCode}">..</span></td>
            </tr>
            <tr>
               <td>&nbsp;</td>
               <td>
                  <input type="submit" value="Submit" />
                  <a th:href="@{/}">Cancel</a>
               </td>
               <td>&nbsp;</td>
            </tr>
         </table>
      </form>
      
   </body>
</html>

 
registerSuccessfulPage.html
<!DOCTYPE HTML>
<html xmlns:th="http://www.thymeleaf.org">
   <head>
      <title>Successfully registered</title>
      <style>
        span {color: blue;}
      </style>
   </head>
   
   <body>
   
      <!-- Include _menu.html -->
      <th:block th:include="/_menu"></th:block>  
      
      <h2>You have successfully registered!</h2>
      
      <div th:if="${flashUser != null}">
         <ul>
            <li>User Name: <span th:utext="${flashUser.userName}">..</span></li>
            <li>Email: <span th:utext="${flashUser.email}">..</span></li>
         </ul>
      </div>
     
      
   </body>
</html>

 
welcomePage.html
<!DOCTYPE HTML>
<html xmlns:th="http://www.thymeleaf.org">
   <head>
      <title th:utext="${title}"></title>
   </head>
   
   <body>
   
      <!-- Include _menu.html -->
      <th:block th:include="/_menu"></th:block>  
      
      <h2>Home Page!</h2>
      
   </body>
</html>

 

9- Die Applikation laufen

Klicken Sie die Rechtmaustaste aufs Projekt und wählen Sie:
  • Run As/Spring Boot App

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